Language : Urdu & Saraiki
Phone Code : 0731
Best Time to Visit : February March
Rahim Yar Khan district is located in Punjab. It was declared as a
separate administration district in 1943. The district derives its name
from its headquarters Rahim Yar Khan. The previous name of this district
was Naushehra which was built in 1875 by Fazal Elahi Halani on the ruins
of the ancient Pul-Wadda during the Sumra rule in Sindh. Later Nawab Sadiq
Khan-IV of Bahawalpur renamed it after his son Rahim Yar Khan. Rahim Yar
Khan is bounded on the north by Muzaffargarh district, on the east by
Bahawalpur district, on the south by Jasilmir (India) and Ghotki district
of Sindh province and on the west by Rajanpur district. The total area of
the district is 11,880 square kilometers. The district comprises four
Tehsils namely Rahim Yar Khan, Sadiqabad, Liaquatpur and Khanpur. There
are three municipal committees and five town committees in the district.
The flora of the district characterizes two major ecological divisions,
northern and southern. The botanical life found in the northern half is
like that of the rest of the irrigated tracts at central Punjab. The human
interference in the form of irrigation network has greatly damaged the
natural environment. Increases in cultivation, waterlogged areas, and
salinity have badly hurt plant life. Because of the increase of salinity
at the surface, only salt resistant plants can survive in most of the
area. The southern half of the district, characterized by sand dunes, is
mostly barren. The exception is in the rainy season when multitudes of
ephemeral plants come up and transform the bare land into a lush green
carpet. These ephemeral plants complete their life cycles before the
summer heat arrives, leaving the land bare and dry.
The arid land, generally referred to as the Cholistan desert, has a lot of
wild life. Wild cats, the Chinkara deer, a variety of pigs, jackals,
foxes, badgers, porcupines, squirrels, gerbils, wild rats, mongeese,
poisonous snakes, hog deer, blue bulls, ravine deer, sand grouse, wild
lizards, wild egrets are among many other creatures are found in the
The climate of the district is hot and dry in the summer and cold and dry
in the winter. The summer season is comparatively longer. It starts in
April and continues until October. The winter season goes from November to
March. However, the month of March and November are pleasant. Dust storms
are frequent during the summer season. The average rain fall is about 100
The major crops in the district are cotton, sugarcane, and wheat. Most of
the orchards are comprised of mangoes and citrus.
Industries, Trade, and Trade Centers
The major industries of the district are textile, cotton ginning and
pressing, sugar, cottonseed oil, edible oil, soap, beverage making,
agricultural implement manufacturing, and fertilizer manufacturing.
Cottage industry includes ginning, pottery/clay products, electric desert
cooler, agricultural machinery, handicrafts, and embroidery.
The total population of Rahim Yar Khan district was 3,141,053 in 1998.
19.6 percent of the total population lives in urban areas.
Saraiki is the predominant language being spoken in the district. 62.6
percent of the population speaks it. Punjabi and Urdu are spoken by 27.3
and 2.9 percent respectively. Sindhi is spoken by 2.0 percent. The rest of
the population speaks Pushto, Balochi, Bravi, and Dari.
In 1998, 33.1 percent of the population was reported as being able to read
at least one language. This was up from 20 percent in 1981. In urban
areas, 65.0 percent of males and 48.4 percent of women were able to read.
In rural areas, 37.9 percent of males, and 14.9 percent of females were
able to read.
In 1998, 65.9 percent of children were reported to have been vaccinated in
the Rahim Yar Khan district. Reported as not vaccinated were 9.9 percent
of children. And for 24.2 percent, it was not known whether they had or
hadn't been vaccinated